Swimming Pool Heat Pump Freezing up
A very common question asked by owners who use swimming pool heat pumps for the first time, especially those who live in cold climates. Why is my heat
pump covered with ice?
Leomon Technology has more than 20 years of experience in the production
of heat pumps. We not only know the cause of this icing, but also how to
prevent it from damaging your equipment.
The most common reasons for heat pump freezing are as follows:
1. Insufficient airflow
2. Freezing rain causes icing
3. The drain pipe is blocked
4. Lack of maintenance
What causes the heat pump to freeze?
A thin layer of frost on the heat pump coil is normal, but thick ice
accumulation is a sign of operating problems. It will prevent your system from
heating and cooling normally, and may cause your heat pump to freeze. Heat
pumps generally have an automatic defrost mode to prevent the equipment from
freezing during normal operation. HVAC technicians can check to ensure that
these controls are operating properly.
One of the main reasons for the freezing of heat pumps is the lack of
air flow. If there is not enough airflow, ice will accumulate on the coils and
cause the heat pump to freeze.
Airflow restriction can be caused by the following reasons:
1. The filter is clogged
2. Blocked pipes
3. The outdoor unit is blocked by leaves, grass or snow.
4. The supply and return air ducts are not obstructed by furniture,
carpets or closed doors.
5. Conditions unrelated to the mechanical integrity of the system can
also cause the heat pump to freeze. Freezing rain or leaking drains can freeze
the outdoor unit and block airflow.
Other possible causes of heat pump freezing
There are other factors that may hinder the normal operation of the heat
pump. These include:
1. Insufficient refrigerant charge
2. Valve operation error
3. Worn motor or fan
4. Your technician should be able to identify and repair other
electronic or mechanical problems
How to stop the heat pump from freezing
To prevent your heat pump from freezing, you need to ensure that the air
flow is not restricted and the equipment is not blocked. Some tips to prevent
this problem include:
1. Regularly clean or replace the air filter
2. Keep the outdoor unit free of debris
3. Check whether the condensed water in the outdoor unit can be freely
discharged from the equipment
4. Make sure that the concrete slab below the unit does not settle or
move to cause water accumulation in the condensing unit
In addition, heat pumps are most likely to freeze during the coldest
part of the day. Therefore, you should avoid running the heat pump late at
night and early morning, especially in winter.
Hope this article can help you better understand your heat pump. If you still feel uncomfortable with the ice covering the heat pump, you can always contact Leomon Technology. We will provide professional answers to your situation.